Morocco at the Crossroads: Religious Freedom and the Law - December 2020

Morocco at the Crossroads: Religious Freedom and the Law

Nearly all Moroccans are Muslims, and the King, identified as “commander of the faithful” in the constitution, has ultimate authority over religious affairs. According to the Moroccan Constitution, Islam is the religion of the state, and the state guarantees freedom of thought, expression, and assembly. This article considers the ways in which Morocco regulates religious practice, and seeks to demonstrate how interference with manifestations of religion often leads to restrictions on related rights and freedoms. It draws on a number of related court decisions, relevant legal frameworks, as well as the role played by the Ulama Supreme Council against the country context.