Lebanon: The Nature of the Civil State and the Sectarian Personal Status Laws - December 2021

Lebanon: The Nature of the Civil State and the Sectarian Personal Status Laws

It is not possible to understand the relationship between the Lebanese State and religious denominations, as it arose under the French mandate, except by going back to the Ottoman era, where the first legal attempts to regulate that relationship were registered. Therefore, this research paper will review the direct historical roots of the relationship between confessions and the State as it was established in the Ottoman era, and then explain the fundamental modifications introduced by the French Mandate, to determine what is meant by the civil nature of the Lebanese State despite any imperfection arising from post-independence laws.